#!/bin/bash
# $RANDOM returns a different random integer at each invocation.
# Nominal range: 0 - 32767 (signed 16-bit integer).
MAXCOUNT=10
count=1
echo
echo "$MAXCOUNT random numbers:"
echo "-----------------"
while [ "$count" -le $MAXCOUNT ] # Generate 10 ($MAXCOUNT) random integers.
do
number=$RANDOM
echo $number
let "count += 1" # Increment count.
done
echo "-----------------"
# If you need a random int within a certain range, use the 'modulo' operator.
# This returns the remainder of a division operation.
RANGE=500
echo
number=$RANDOM
let "number %= $RANGE"
# ^^
echo "Random number less than $RANGE --- $number"
echo
# If you need a random integer greater than a lower bound,
#+ then set up a test to discard all numbers below that.
FLOOR=200
number=0 #initialize
while [ "$number" -le $FLOOR ]
do
number=$RANDOM
done
echo "Random number greater than $FLOOR --- $number"
echo
# Let's examine a simple alternative to the above loop, namely
# let "number = $RANDOM + $FLOOR"
# That would eliminate the while-loop and run faster.
# But, there might be a problem with that. What is it?
# Combine above two techniques to retrieve random number between two limits.
number=0 #initialize
while [ "$number" -le $FLOOR ]
do
number=$RANDOM
let "number %= $RANGE" # Scales $number down within $RANGE.
done
echo "Random number between $FLOOR and $RANGE --- $number"
echo
# Generate binary choice, that is, "true" or "false" value.
BINARY=2
T=1
number=$RANDOM
let "number %= $BINARY"
# Note that let "number >>= 14" gives a better random distribution
#+ (right shifts out everything except last binary digit).
if [ "$number" -eq $T ]
then
echo "TRUE"
else
echo "FALSE"
fi
echo
# Generate a toss of the dice.
SPOTS=6 # Modulo 6 gives range 0 - 5.
# Incrementing by 1 gives desired range of 1 - 6.
# Thanks, Paulo Marcel Coelho Aragao, for the simplification.
die1=0
die2=0
# Would it be better to just set SPOTS=7 and not add 1? Why or why not?
# Tosses each die separately, and so gives correct odds.
let "die1 = $RANDOM % $SPOTS +1" # Roll first one.
let "die2 = $RANDOM % $SPOTS +1" # Roll second one.
# Which arithmetic operation, above, has greater precedence --
#+ modulo (%) or addition (+)?
let "throw = $die1 + $die2"
echo "Throw of the dice = $throw"
echo
exit 0